You know how you feel when you hear someone say something you’ve thought for a while? That’s the feeling I got when Andy Stanley started out this morning at The Orange Conference talking about what he calls vertical morality, which he defined as peace with God based on keeping peace with God. It’s an approach to Christianity that sees God mostly as someone who is offended by our sins, and so we try to appease Him and constantly ask for forgiveness from Him. And as long as we ask for His forgiveness, we are good. Meanwhile, we often ignore asking for forgiveness from others.
This is the mindset I had for most of my younger life. I’m not quite sure where I got it. Perhaps it was something I learned or maybe it was my own interpretation of the Bible. Maybe it was a combination of both. I knew that it seemed a bit off, but I wasn’t exactly sure why until Andy brought it to light today.
This line of thinking, Andy explained, often leads to asking questions like, “Is ________ a sin?” And what we really want to know is what we can get away with. In other words, how close can I get to sin without sinning?
God would say that’s totally the wrong question!
Andy believes this thought came from the Old Covenant/Testament and was based on a relationship between God and Israel’s leadership, not the individuals. If the leaders were doing well, God would bless the nation. If they weren’t, all the Israelites would suffer. This happened in spite of individual Israelites following the Law or not. It all came down to cause and effect. The majority (if not all) of the effects were based on God’s relationship with the nation of Israel.
But God even hinted that this was temporary. He was clear that something new and better was coming!
At this point, Andy turned to John 1:29, where John the Baptist says, “Look the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.”
Jesus came on the scene at just the right time, born of a woman and under the Law. He started to point to a new covenant and even summarized the Law into two commands: essentially to love God and love others. Andy pointed out that Jesus summarized it even more in John 13:34-35 to love everyone the way He has loved us. This “new command” was one only He had the authority to give. He even took the Passover meal and changed it — instead of remembering the Exodus story, we are told to do it in remembrance of Him as the Lord’s Supper.
Jesus established what Andy calls horizontal morality, which he defined as fellowship with God based on the rule of Christ. Everybody is somebody for whom Jesus gave his life. Practically speaking, if you’re not okay with Jesus and how He loved, you’re not okay with God. And according to the rule of Christ, we cannot dismiss people and be right with God. Jesus clearly loved everyone.
After spending time in 1 John 2, Andy pointed out, “If we’re not careful, we will orient people toward obeying an invisible God rather than loving visible people.”
Getting a bit more practical, Andy then explained what this can look like in our teaching:
- Why should we not lie? Because it puts down other people, saying they are worthless.
- Why should we be generous? Because it helps people.
- Why should you not talk bad about people? It diminishes others’ significance.
- Why should guys not pressure their girlfriends for sex before marriage? Because we don’t want to do anything that will hurt another person or diminish their future relationships. We shouldn’t be anyone’s regret.
He then suggests a good rule of thumb might be: if it’s not best for others, then it’s probably a sin.
With a vertical morality, we often go to the Old Testament to explain how we should act. Andy pointed out, though, that Paul never quotes the Old Testament for matters of conduct. Further, all the New Testament imperatives are simply applications of Jesus’ new commandment to love. It all comes back to how we were treated through Christ by our Heavenly Father.
This takes away all the loopholes.
Before wrapping up, Andy made sure to explain that horizontal morality is way less complicated, but way more demanding than vertical! Horizontal all comes down to a simple question: “What does love require of you?”
The best way to please our Father in Heaven is to honor the people around us!
What do you think about this vertical vs. horizontal morality concept? Let me know in the comments!
You can follow Andy Stanley on Twitter @AndyStanley. You can also check out deepandwidetour.com to find out more information on Andy’s future tour in connection with the Orange Tour, all based on his book, Deep and Wide.
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